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Sculpture's name:

Meditating Buddha

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BUDDHA IN MEDITATION

The famous pose of Gautam Buddha, sitting in a lotus pose (Padmasan), with a serene expression lighting up his countenance is as engrossing as meditation itself.
Siddharth was a prince born to King Shuddhodhan and Queen Maya of the Shakya clan in Lumbini (Kaplivastu).

As a young prince, he only knew the grandeur and opulence that surrounded him. He was always given to experience the best and the happiest life had to offer. But all that wealth could not buy Siddharth the peace of mind he deeply yearned. A procession around his kingdom revealed to him the different stages of birth, childhood, adulthood, old-age, disease and death. For the first time he was exposed to the misery that life could unleash upon human kind. He also chanced upon a Yogi sitting deep in meditation and knew at once this to be his calling. He gave up the kingdom, his family, his belongings, even his resplendent locks and headed for the woods in search of a remedy for this misery.
After much Tapasya, under a Bodhi tree, on a full moon night, prince Siddharth became Gautam Buddha, the enlightened one. The world witnessed a gift of a new religion, Buddhisim, a path of non-violence, of lasting peace and happiness.

In this sculpture, the artist has been very successful in creating a beatific expression on his divine face that radiates with a light of its own.

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Iconographically, the sculpture shows all the Lakshanas like the Ushanisha (the cranial protuberance), the Urna (dot between his eyebrows), the three skin folds under the chin, elongated ear lobes, a delicately carved Prabhamandala (halo) behind his head and the snail shell curls for his hair. All these Lakshanas became popular during the Gupta reign in the 5th cent. A.D.

The beautifully carved out halo became a famous Lakshana which would stand in striking contrast to the simplicity of Buddha’s figure. The folds of the Sanghati (robe) fall from his left shoulder to cover the rest of his body. The fan made of the pleats of the Sanghati is a very Gupta characteristic. He sits on a double lotus symbolizing utmost purity. His rather healthy body is a result of his teachings of the middle path in life, neither too strenuous nor too easy.
The Buddha exudes vibrations of peace and serenity in the atmosphere he is placed. This superbly carved out monolithic sculpture made in Basalt rock and polished to a shine, feels palpably alive if looked at long enough.

 
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